July 23rd, 2014 – Police and the Community
Statistics Canada has released the 2013 Crime Severity Index Data. The Crime Severity Index (CSI), which measures the severity of crime, has decreased by 9% on the national level.
Barrie’s 2013 overall CSI is reported at 47.6% which is a noteworthy change from the 2012 overall CSI which was reported at 56.7.
Barrie’s Violent CSI is reported at 47.1 is slightly reduced from the 2012 report of 53.1 and Barrie’s Non-violent CSI is reported at 47.7 down from the 2012 report of 57.9.
Based on its comparators the Barrie Census Metropolitan Area is ranked one of the three safest communities with a population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more live in the urban core. Barrie is ranked 33 of 33 Census Metropolitan Areas with a population of a least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more live in the urban core. (1 = highest and 33 = lowest index/rate). Utilizing the Statistics Canada data those communities ranked between 1 and 30 would have a higher severity of crime reported than Barrie and those ranked 32nd and 33rd would have a lower severity of crime reported.
What is the Crime Severity Index?
The Crime Severity Index (CSI) is a measure of police-reported crime that reflects the relative seriousness of individual offences and tracks changes in crime severity. First introduced in 2009 it complements two other measures of crime; the police-reported Crime Rate, which measures the volume of crime, and victimization survey data, which measure Canadians’ experiences of crime.
What can the Crime Severity Index be used for?
The index gives us a different view of crime and allows us to answer questions that were not easily answerable previously, such as: Is police reported crime in Canada more serious than it was last year? Is police reported crime in my jurisdiction more or less serious than in another jurisdiction? Has police reported crime become more serious over time?
What does the Crime Severity Index tell us?
The Crime Severity Index tells us if police reported crime was relatively more or less serious than in previous years. For ease of interpretation, the index is converted to 100 for the base year. For jurisdictions, the Crime Severity Index is particularly useful in determining if police reported crime has become more or less serious over time, or if police reported crime is more or less serious in one area than another.
How is the Crime Severity Index calculated and are the weights updated regularly?
The seriousness of each offence is determined by using objective sentencing data from the nation’s courts. Each individual offence is “weighted” according to the severity of the sentences handed down by judges. Sentencing data come from Statistics Canada Adult and Youth Courts Surveys. Weights for the Index are based on the average of five years of courts sentencing data and they are updated every five years, using the most recent data available from the courts. It should be noted that outliers (atypically very long and unique sentences for a given offence) are not included in the average.
What is a Census Metropolitan Area?
A census metropolitan area (CMA) consists of one or more neighbouring municipalities situated around a major urban core. A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more live in the urban core. To be included in the CMA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the central urban area, as measured by commuting flows. The Barrie CMA consists of the Barrie Police Service and the South Simcoe Police Service. Stats Canada reports that the crime severity Index for the Barrie CMI is 42.8, down 14% from 2012 51.3.
Where can I obtain more information?
For more information on the Crime Severity Index and other police-reported crime statistics, please contact the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics at firstname.lastname@example.org or at 1-800-387-2231
The Barrie Police Service remains committed to our citizens to identify the necessary strategies that will further decrease crime in an effort to make Barrie a safer community.
We remain… ‘committed to our community’.
For further information or clarification regarding this release please contact:
Media Relations Unit at (705)725-7025 extension 2926 or 2210